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BOYLE Family History

Ó Baoighill- anglicised Boyle, O Boyle. The root word is probably 'pledge'. Woulfe ('Sloinnte Gaedheal is Gall', 1923) says it is 'beaoithgheall' meaning 'vain-pledge', but MacLysaght ('Irish Families', 1985) says that modern scholars discount this, and gives the possible root as 'baigell' or 'profitable pledges'.

Most anciently of Co Donegal, the O Boyles were chiefs of the three Tuaths (OIr. meaning 'country, tribe' &c) in north-west Donegal. When this territory was overrun by the MacSweeneys, the Scottish-Gaelic mercenaries known as 'Gallóglach' or Galloglass, they removed to Tír-Ainmhearach in west Donegal,which became known as Críoch Bhaoigheallagh or O Boyle's Country. The Barony of Boylagh is taken from this territorial name.

Ethnically they belong to the Cineál Chonaill, kin to the O Dohertys, Gallaghers &c, and descend from Conal Gulban, a son of Niall Noígíallach or 'Niall of the Nine Hostages'. The vicissitudes of history, particularly the English onslaughts of the Elizabethan period in the late 16th century, have sent offshoots throughout Ireland; they were still in modern times, however, to be found mainly in the north, with highest numbers in their original Donegal homeland.

In the 1659 'Census' of Sir William Petty, the name is found as a 'Principal Irish Name' in the following counties:

Co Donegal
(Barony of) Tirhugh, O Boyle, 11 (families); Boylagh & Banagh, O Boyle, 41, plus Teage & Torloagh O Boyle are listed as 'titulados' or gentlemen in that barony; Raphoe, O Boyle, 7, plus Robert Boyle is listed as a gentleman in that barony; KillMcCrennan Barony, O Boyle, 15; Enishowen (Inisowen), O Boyle, 8.

Cos Tyrone and Mayo are missing from the 'Census'.

Co Louth
Barony of Dundalk, O Boyle, 19; Atherdee, O Boyle &c, 13.

Co Antrim
Barony of Dunluce, Carey &c, O Boyle, 11.

Co Monaghan
O Boyle & Boyle, 9.

By the mid 19th century, and the compilation of Griffith's 'Primary Valuation' most Boyle households were found in counties Donegal (889 households), Louth (150), Derry (129), Tyrone (125), Armagh (122), Mayo (114) and Antrim (105). There were 2491 entries for Boyle in that survey, and 138 entries for O' Boyle (principally in Mayo, 92).

The Registrar General's 'Special Report...'(1909) based on the births' figures for 1890, lists most Boyle births in counties Donegal, Antrim, Mayo, Tyrone and Louth. Boyle was the third highest occuring surname in Co Donegal in that year.

Boyle is also a surname brought into Ireland by the English 'Adventurer' Richard Boyle in 1588. Born in Canterbury, Kent, he acquired estates in Co Waterford and Co Cork. He became Lord Treasurer of Ireland and was given the title Earl of Cork. His descendants were known as Earls of Cork and Orrery, and became well known for their learning. Virtually all of the Boyles listed in the 'Dictionary of National Biography' (Oxford), are of this Anglo-Irish family, including Robert Boyle (1627-1691) 'the father of modern chemistry'. I have seen the derivation of his name as Norman French De Binville. There are 32 Boyle households in Griffiths for Co Cork, and 11 for Co Waterford, although these would be ordinary householders of native Gaelic stock, rather than members of the Anglo-Irish family.

Boyle is also a Scottish name of Norman origin, viz. de Boyville; the origin is possibly the town of Bieville near Caen, although there were doubtless other similarly named places (Beauville) in Normandy. The De Boyvilles were settled in south west Scotland: Richard de Boyville was seigneur of the lands of Kelburn in Ayrshire in the late 13th century,and Henri de Boyville was keeper of the castle at Dumfries in 1296, and became very well known in Scottish history, Earls of Glasgow et al. It has been claimed by some genealogists that several of this family settled in northern Ireland, and therefore a significant number of Ulster Boyles are of this Norman stock. It may also be that Richard Boyle's family (originally of Hertfordshire) were a branch of these Norman/Scottish Boyles, and 'Binville' is a spelling error for 'Bieville'.

Whilst there may well have been some Scottish Boyles arriving with the plantations of the north in the early 1600s, the evidence in Petty's 1659 'Census' (above) indicates that Boyle in the north is a native 'Principal Irish Name'; in fact, I could find no certain examples of planter Boyles in the north of Ireland in that document, although it must be remembered that returns for Co Tyrone are missing. This point shows how important evidence is in names of dual or multiple origin.

The many Boyles in modern Scotland, most notably the Glasgow area, would contain a large proportion of (O) Boyle Irish immigrants.

Two Famous Boyles:

Richard Vicars Boyle (1822-1908) the railway engineer whose heroic defence of the Arrah Garrison in 1858 during the 'Indian Mutiny', where 50 men held off three thousand, earned him fame. He is reported to be of the Gaelic Boyles.

William Boyle (1853-1923) Co Louth man, playwright and writer. His plays, such as 'The Eloquent Dempsey' (1907), were performed at the Abbey Theatre in Dublin. He would be of the Gaelic clan.

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    Elizabeth Boyle

    Hello. could you please email the best place of ancestry for the public for my family's O'Boyle from Donagel, and if possible, names if books, reading material etc, so our family could put together our very important " FAMILY TREE " I thank you so very much and God Bless
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    Dell Boyle

    Arthur Boyle was a farmer in 1860 Elk Grove ,Lafayette, Wisconsin Born abt. 1790.
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    date of birth1845 in Ireland, moved to the US around 1860
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    Anne Coyne Foster

    Looking for information on Cecilia Boyle, born in 1842, probably in County Mayo. Married Daniel Coyne in 1870. Had 4 children born in Ireland, 5 children born in America. Lived in Salem, WV. Most of the family worked on the B&O Railroad. Think maybe they entered the United States in Baltimore, MD. Daniel and Cecilia were my great-great grandparents.
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    Christopher D. Scissors

    Greetings, Looking for any info tracing the lineage of Dee Boyle. He was born in 1885 in Idaho or Missouri, USA, to Irish parents. Not sure their names or if born in Ireland or the States. Thank you
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    Gail Weston

    Looking for parents of Ambrose, Eleanor, Thomas, and Arthur Boyle, who migrated to Prince Edward Island in the early 1800's, Ambrose was my great,great grandfather, and he was married to Maryann Bowden. Their daughter, Matilda, married a Samuel Milligan of PEI.
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    My father was born in Liverpool, England in the sub district of West Derby Western on the 25th of October 1923- his name is Thomas Edgar John Boyle-the story is that we were O'Boyles from Ireland and changed our name when we immigrated to England-is that probable
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    Ant Boyle

    My grandfather was a James Boyle from Scotland. But lived in Swansea.
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    Anthony Barrett

    (Part 1 of 3) The Boyle name has a long history in Ireland, but now DNA and some recorded history says its origin is from the south-west region of the Emerald Island. The Boyle story [dominated by DNA tribal marker R1b-L513, Subgroup O2] can trace their beginnings to what is now County Kerry from 50 BCE. Perhaps the journey begins with the Clanna Dedad; Deda, son of Sen or Deda Mac Sin. The Boyle surname origin is possibly a branch of what will become the Dáirine [R1b-L513] who are found in south Ireland around 300 CE.
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    Anthony Barrett

    (Part 2 of 3) According to research, the Dáirine will join with the Dál Riata of north-east Ireland and invade Scotland around 500 CE. But how could this be? Recent discoveries from DNA testing are unlocking the migration patterns of Celtic tribes as late as 800 CE to 1200 CE. The Boyle story begins in pre-history Ireland but many of his descendants will then move to Kintyre, Scotland where they and other R1b-L513 members will form the Dalriada. This line and many of his kin will then travel to Brittany, France during the Dark Ages.
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    Anthony Barrett

    (Part 3 of 3) Discover their newly found untold story and how forgotten texts bring their story back to life. From the ebook, “The Tribe Within” learn how DNA unfolds this amazing tale and if you look in the right places, how history narrates this evidence. There is another written account of their story, but it is camouflaged in smoke and myth – it will become the tales of King Arthur. Come follow in the footsteps of Deda Mac Sin and visit https://www.smashwords.com/books/view/401207
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    Cheryl S Boyles

    Hello We are looking for information on 2 brothers, Arthur and Johnnie/Johnny Boyles who came to the British Colony St Kitts, (from Ireland it was said) possibly in the late 1800s or very early 1900s. We are not sure of their year of birth but Johnnie/Johnny Boyles is the father of Gladys Boyles who was born in 1909. Based on this we estimate his birth to be between 1864 and 1870, could be a bit earlier or later. Gladys was born in St Kitts but moved to UK in the 1950s until her death in 1982. Her children, except one who still remain in St Kitts, also moved to the UK. Gladys is my grandmother. I inherited the Boyles surname but would like to know more of my ancestors.
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